Occasional Publication No. 7
Conflict Landscapes and Archaeology from Above
Stichelbaut, B., – Cowley, D. C., (eds.) 2016.
The study of conflict archaeology has developed rapidly over the last decade, fuelled in equal measure by technological advances and creative analytical frameworks. Nowhere is this truer than in the inter-disciplinary fields of archaeological practice that combine traditional sources such as historical photographs and maps with 3D digital topographic data from Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS) and large scale geophysical prospection. For twentieth-century conflict landscapes and their surviving archaeological remains, these developments have encouraged a shift from a site oriented approach towards landscape-scaled research. This volume brings together an wide range of perspectives, setting traditional approaches that draw on historical and contemporary aerial photographs alongside cutting-edge prospection techniques, cross-disciplinary analyses and innovative methods of presenting this material to audiences. Essays from a range of disciplines (archaeology, history, geography, heritage and museum studies) studying conflict landscapes across the globe throughout the twentieth century, all draw on aerial and landscape perspectives to past conflicts and their legacy and the complex issues for heritage management. Organized in four parts, the first three sections take a broadly chronological approach, exploring the use of aerial evidence to expand our understanding of the two World Wars and the Cold War. The final section explores ways that the aerial perspective can be utilized to represent historical landscapes to a wide audience. With case studies ranging from the Western Front to the Cold War, Ireland to Russia, this volume demonstrates how an aerial perspective can both support and challenge traditional archaeological and historical analysis, providing an innovative new means of engaging with the material culture of conflict and commemoration.
Occasional Publication No. 6
Recovering Lost Landscapes
Ivaniševic, V., – Veljanovski, T., – Cowley, D., – Kiarszys, G., – Bugarski, I.,
Institute of Belgrade, 2015.
From the Introduction:
“The scale of landscape transformation over the last century, within Europe and globally, has been great. War, urban expansion, land use and land cover change and construction projects, amongst other activities and processes, have heavily altered our landscapes, destroying or covering up ancient monuments and the historic environment. The resulting loss of evidence from which to understand the past has been great, and sources that give us an insight into earlier conditions can be invaluable. So-called ‘historic’ aerial imagery is a privileged source for documenting and understanding these lost landscapes since it provides information that cannot be found anywhere else. To the historic aerial perspective can be added complementary sources such as historic cartography, modern aerial photographs and new technology such as Airborne Laser Scanning, recognizing that integrated approaches are key to more comprehensive interpretations of landscape processes. The uses of historic aerial photographs, amongst a range of available sources, to better understand and manage dynamic landscapes are at the heart of this volume, with a particular focus on areas that have undergone dramatic change over the last century. Case studies from across Europe present varying approaches to interpretation drawing on current practice from a range of different landscapes. Technical challenges are also discussed, for example in extracting 3D topographical data from historic aerial imagery or integrating multiple sources of information, and pointers to future directions. Here, the synergies of ‘old’ data and new technology with the rapid developments in soft-bench photogrammetry open up new avenues for integrated cross-disciplinary landscape investigation. Such interdisciplinarity is also reflected in the archaeological, geographical and historical perspectives that authors draw into discussions that extend to social context, ideology, political frameworks and perception. This recognises the contingent nature of landscape understanding, and the interwoven dynamics of landscape form, past and present perception and our own engagement.
While multiple sources of information and perspectives are represented in this volume, the unique insights that historic aerial photographs and the aerial perspective can give is a consistent theme throughout. Thus, it will be no surprise that varying accessibility and availability of imagery is touched on by many authors.
The application of an aerial perspective can vary between countries depending on intellectual or academic traditions, but the availability of imagery and ease of access to archives to a large degree define whether or not these underused sources of knowledge can be utilised effectively.”
Occasional Publication No. 5
Interpreting Archaeological Topography: 3D data, visualisation and observation
Opitz, R. S., – Cowley, D. C., Oxford, 2013.
Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS), or lidar, is an enormously important innovation for data collection and interpretation in archaeology. The application of archaeological 3D data deriving from sources including ALS, close-range photogrammetry and terrestrial and photogrammetric scanners has grown exponentially over the last decade. Such data present numerous possibilities and challenges, from ensuring that applications remain archaeologically relevant, to developing practices that integrate the manipulation and interrogation of complex digital datasets with the skills of archaeological observation and interpretation. This volume addresses the implications of multi-scaled topographic data for contemporary archaeological practice in a rapidly developing field, drawing on examples of ongoing projects and reflections on best practice.Twenty papers from across Europe explore the implications of these digital 3D datasets for the recording and interpretation of archaeological topography, whether at the landscape, site or artefact scale. The papers illustrate the variety of ways in which we engage with archaeological topography through 3D data, from discussions of its role in landscape archaeology, to issues of context and integration, and to the methodological challenges of processing, visualisation and manipulation. Critical reflection on developing practice and implications for cultural resource management and research contextualize the case studies and applications, illustrating the diverse and evolving roles played by multi-scalar topographic data in contemporary archaeology.
Occasional Publication No. 4
Flights into the Past. Aerial photography, photo interpretation and mapping for archaeology
Musson, C., – Palmer, R., – Campana, S., 2013.
Aerial archaeology is one of the major sources of information for landscapes archaeologists, seeking for new sites and for the understanding of past and present landscapes as a result of human-environment interaction. The volume gives a broad overview about the history, the basic concepts and techniques of aerial photography for archaeological purposes. It describes the way valuable information is derived from aerial images and how this is used for mapping and interpretation. Numerous examples from fieldwork richly illustrate these aspects. But many of the photos shown in this book do not simply illustrate the text, many of them also are eye-catching artworks which show fascinating landscapes in a way that only the view from above can provide!
This book, originally published 2005 in Italian (“In Volo nel Passato: aerofotografia e cartografia archeologica”) was inspired by the work of some of the leading European aerial archaeologists who met in Siena 2001 to share their knowledge with students and young researchers in an aerial archaeology training school. Published by the Aerial Archaeology Research Group (Occasional Publication No 4) in partnership with the ArchaeoLandscapes Europe (ArcLand) Project of the Culture 2007-2013 Programme of the European Union.
You can download the Occasional Publication No. 4 in the following versions:
Occasional Publication No. 3
Remote Sensing for Archaeological Heritage Management
EAC Occasional Paper 5/Occasional Publication of the Aerial Archaeology Research Group No. 3. – Cowley, D.C., (ed.), 2011.
Remote sensing is one of the main foundations of archaeological data, under pinning knowledge and understanding of the historic environment. The volume, arising from a symposium organised by the Europae Archaeologiae Consilium (EAC) and the Aerial Archaeology Research Group (AARG), provides up to date expert statements on the methodologies, achievements and potential of remote sensing with a particular focus on archaeological heritage management.
You can find more information in the flyer of the book!
Occasional Publication No. 2
Landscapes through the Lens: Aerial photographs and historic environment
Cowley, D.C., Standring, R.A. and Abicht, M.J. (eds), Oxford, 2010.
This volume presents the rich, but under-utilised, archives of aerial imagery for the exploration and management of cultural heritage and historic environment. A remarkable resource for archaeologists and all with an interest in landscapes, traditional aerial photographs and satellite images spanning the second half of the 20th century provide an unrivalled means of documenting and understanding change and informing the study of the past. Case studies, written by experts in their fields, illustrate the applications of this imagery across a wide range of heritage issues, from prehistoric cultivation and settlement patterns, to the impact of recent landscape change. Contemporary environmental and land use issues are also dealt with, in a volume that will be of interest to archaeologists, historians, geographers and those in related disciplines.
Occasional Publication No. 1
Education in Aerial Remote Sensing for Archaeology:
collected papers and report of the AARG/EAC Working Party on Aerial Archaeology. Occasional Publication of the Aerial Archaeology Research Group No. 1.
Cowley, D. and Palmer, R., 2009.
AARG Occasional Publication Series No 1 was published in April 2009. It focuses on Education in Aerial Remote Sensing for Archaeology and includes the draft report of the AARG/EAC Working Group on Education, which is available for comment until the end of July 2009. The publication also has papers on the general theme of education that should be of interest to many.